ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS|
|1. ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS||
1. ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS
ADMA Biologics, Inc. (“ADMA” or the “Company”) is an end-to-end commercial biopharmaceutical company dedicated to manufacturing, marketing and developing specialty plasma-derived biologics for the treatment of immunodeficient patients at risk for infection and others at risk for certain infectious diseases. The Company’s targeted patient populations include immune-compromised individuals who suffer from an underlying immune deficiency disorder or who may be immune-suppressed for medical reasons.
ADMA operates through its wholly-owned subsidiaries ADMA BioManufacturing, LLC (“ADMA BioManufacturing”) and ADMA BioCenters Georgia Inc. (“ADMA BioCenters”). ADMA BioManufacturing was formed in January 2017 to facilitate the acquisition of the Biotest Therapy Business Unit (“BTBU”) from BPC Plasma, Inc. (formerly Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation) (“BPC” and, together with Biotest AG, “Biotest”) on June 6, 2017. The acquisition included certain assets (the “Biotest Assets”) of BTBU, which included the FDA-licensed BIVIGAM and Nabi-HB immunoglobulin products, and an FDA-licensed plasma fractionation manufacturing facility located in Boca Raton, FL (the “Boca Facility”) (the “Biotest Transaction”). BTBU had previously been the Company’s third-party contract manufacturer. ADMA BioCenters is the Company’s source plasma collection business with three plasma collection facilities located in the U.S., two of which hold an approved license with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) while the other facility’s Biologics License Application (“BLA”) is pending FDA approval.
The Company has three FDA-approved products, all of which are currently marketed and commercially available: (i) BIVIGAM (Immune Globulin Intravenous, Human), an Intravenous Immune Globulin (“IVIG”) product indicated for the treatment of Primary Humoral Immunodeficiency (“PI”), also known as Primary Immunodeficiency Disease (“PIDD”), and for which the Company received FDA approval on May 9, 2019 and commenced commercial sales in August 2019; (ii) ASCENIV (Immune Globulin Intravenous, Human – slra 10% Liquid), an IVIG product indicated for the treatment of PI, for which the Company received FDA approval on April 1, 2019 and commenced first commercial sales in October 2019; and (iii) Nabi-HB (Hepatitis B Immune Globulin, Human), which is indicated for the treatment of acute exposure to blood containing Hepatitis B surface antigen (“HBsAg”) and other listed exposures to Hepatitis B. In addition to its commercially available immunoglobulin products, the Company provides contract manufacturing and laboratory services for certain clients and generates revenues from the sale of intermediate by-products that result from the immunoglobulin production process. The Company seeks to develop a pipeline of plasma-derived therapeutics, and its products and product candidates are intended to be used by physician specialists focused on caring for immune-compromised patients with or at risk for certain infectious diseases.
As of December 31, 2020, the Company had working capital of $133.8 million, including $55.9 million of cash and cash equivalents. Based upon the Company’s current projected revenue and expenditures, including capital expenditures and continued implementation of the Company’s commercialization and expansion activities, as well as accessing the available funds under the open market sale agreement for sales of the Company’s common stock as discussed below, the Company’s management currently believes that its cash, cash equivalents, projected revenue and accounts receivable will be sufficient to fund ADMA’s operations, as currently conducted, into the fourth quarter of 2021. In order to have sufficient cash to fund its operations thereafter, the Company anticipates it will need to raise additional capital before the end of the fourth quarter of 2021. These estimates may change based upon several factors, including the success of the Company’s commercial sales of its products, manufacturing ramp-up activities, the acceptability of ADMA’s immune globulin products by physicians, patients or payers and the various financing options that may be available to the Company. In addition, the Company’s end-to-end production cycle from procurement of raw materials to commercial release of finished product can take between seven and 12 months or potentially longer, requiring substantial investments in raw material plasma and other manufacturing materials. The Company currently has no firm commitments for additional financing, and there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to secure additional financing on terms that are acceptable to the Company, or at all. Furthermore, if the Company’s assumptions underlying its estimated expenses and revenues are incorrect, it may have to raise additional capital sooner than currently anticipated.
Due to numerous risks and uncertainties associated with FDA review, inspections and approvals related to the Company’s products or the labeled indications of such products, ongoing compliance requirements and capacity expansion efforts at the Company’s Boca Facility and future commercialization of the Company’s products, including the Company’s ability to obtain adequate quantities of FDA-approved plasma with proper specifications on acceptable terms for use in the Company’s manufacturing process, as well as the additional uncertainties surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic (see Note 11), the Company is unable to estimate with certainty the amounts of increased capital outlays and operating expenditures required to fund its commercial and development activities. The Company’s current estimates may be subject to change as circumstances regarding its business requirements evolve. Failure to secure any necessary financing in a timely manner and on commercially reasonable terms could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business plan and financial performance and it could be forced to delay or discontinue its commercialization, product development or clinical activities or delay or discontinue the approval efforts for any of the Company’s products, processes or product candidates. The Company has reported cumulative losses since inception in June 2004 through December 31, 2020 of $340.5 million. As such, these factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of asset carrying amounts and the classification of liabilities that might be necessary from the outcome of this uncertainty.
The Company may decide to raise capital through public or private equity offerings or debt financings, or obtain a bank credit facility or enter into corporate collaboration and licensing arrangements. The sale of additional equity or debt securities, if convertible, could result in dilution to the Company’s existing stockholders and, in such event, the market value of its common stock may decline. The incurrence of additional indebtedness would result in increased fixed obligations and could also result in covenants that would restrict the Company’s operations or other financing alternatives. In addition, the Company is exploring additional contract manufacturing arrangements and other business development opportunities, which may provide additional liquidity to the Company.
On August 5, 2020, the Company entered into an open market sale agreement (the “Sale Agreement”) with Jefferies LLC (“Jefferies”), pursuant to which the Company could offer and sell, from time to time, at its option, through or to Jefferies, up to an aggregate of $50 million of shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company and Jefferies have since entered into amendments to the Sale Agreement to provide for increases in the aggregate offering amount under the Sale Agreement such that, as of February 3, 2021, the Company may sell shares having an additional aggregate offering price of up to $55.4 million under the Sale Agreement (see Notes 9 and 18). Through December 31, 2020, the Company received net proceeds from the sale of its common stock under the Sale Agreement of $42.5 million.
There can be no assurance that the Company’s approved products will be commercially viable, or that research and development, plant capacity expansion, plasma center build-outs or other capital improvements will be successfully completed or that any product developed in the future will be approved. The Company is subject to risks common to companies in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries including, but not limited to, dependence on collaborative arrangements, development by the Company or its competitors of new technological innovations, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology, and compliance with FDA and other governmental regulations and approval requirements.
The entire disclosure for the business description and basis of presentation concepts. Business description describes the nature and type of organization including but not limited to organizational structure as may be applicable to holding companies, parent and subsidiary relationships, business divisions, business units, business segments, affiliates and information about significant ownership of the reporting entity. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef