Quarterly report pursuant to sections 13 or 15(d)

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

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2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2012
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of presentation and principles of consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ADMA Biologics, Inc.  and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, ADMA Plasma Biologics, Inc. and ADMA Bio Centers of Georgia. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements for the interim periods included herein are unaudited; however, they contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) which in the opinion of management are necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2012 and its results of operations and cash flows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.  The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full year.  These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited annual consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Forms 8-K/A and S-1/A filed with the SEC on June 22, 2012 and August 10, 2012, respectively.

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for interim reporting.  Pursuant to such rules and regulations, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in complete annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted.

 

Inventories

Plasma inventories (both plasma intended for resale and plasma intended for internal use in the Company's research and development activities) are carried at the lower of cost or market value determined on the first-in, first-out method.  Once the research and development plasma is processed to a finished product for ongoing trials, it is then expensed to research and development.  Inventory at September 30, 2012 and 2011 consists of raw materials.  Inventory also includes plasma collected at the Company’s FDA licensed plasma collection center.

 

Certain plasma that had been purchased for the use in research and development was sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2011 for net proceeds of $504,857 and the Company recorded a loss of $1,934,630 for the period.  The total amount of inventory sold at book value was $2,439,487.  The plasma had been purchased from third parties specifically for use in research and development activities.  It had not been collected at the Company’s plasma collection center and was not sold in the ordinary course of business.  Therefore, the sale was not recorded as revenue with related cost of sales, but was instead recorded as a loss on sale.

Revenue recognition

Revenue from the sale of human plasma collected at the Company’s plasma collection center and plasma-derived medicinal products is recognized at the time of transfer of title and risk of loss to the customer, which usually occurs at the time of shipment.  Revenue is recognized at the time of delivery if the Company retains the risk of loss during shipment.

 

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  Significant estimates include valuation of inventory, assumptions used in the fair value determination of stock-based compensation and the allowance for the valuation of future tax benefits.

 

Earnings (loss) per common share

Net loss per share in 2011 was determined in accordance with the two-class method.  This method is used for computing basic net loss per share when companies have issued securities other than common stock that contractually entitle the holder to participate in dividends and earnings of the Company.  Under the two-class method, net loss is allocated between common shares and other participating securities based on their participation rights in both distributed and undistributed earnings.  The Company’s Series A preferred stock were participating securities, since the stockholders were entitled to share in dividends declared by the Board of Directors with the common stock based on their equivalent common shares.

 

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.  Because the holders of the Series A preferred stock were not contractually required to share in the Company’s losses, in applying the two-class method to compute basic net loss per common share, no allocation to preferred stock was made for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 and no preferred stock was outstanding during the three months ended September 30, 2012.

 

Diluted net income per share is calculated by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders as adjusted for the effect of dilutive securities, if any, by the weighted average number of common stock and dilutive common stock outstanding during the period.  Potential common shares include the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options and a warrant (using the treasury stock method) and the conversion of the shares of Series A preferred stock (using the more dilutive of the (a) as converted method or (b) the two–class method).  Potential common shares in the diluted net income per share computation are excluded to the extent that they would be anti-dilutive.  No potentially dilutive securities are included in the computation of any diluted per share amounts as the Company reported a net loss for all periods presented.  Potentially dilutive securities that would be issued upon conversion of convertible notes, conversion of Series A  preferred stock, and the exercise of outstanding warrants and stock options, were 0.7 million and 1.9 million as of September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Stock-based compensation

The Company follows recognized accounting guidance which requires all stock-based payments, including grants of stock options, to be recognized in the Statement of Operations as compensation expense, based on their fair values on the grant date. The estimated fair value of options granted under the Company’s 2007 Employee Stock Option Plan (“Plan”) are recognized as compensation expense over the option-vesting period.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2012, options to purchase an aggregate of 119,325 shares of common stock were issued to a Board member and the Company’s Chief Scientific Officer/Chief Medical Officer and during the nine months ended September 30, 2012, a total of 506,559 options were issued to employees and Board members.  No options to purchase shares of common stock were granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011.